About Scientific Research at Kingdom University
Mission & Vision
Employ a focused approach towards research, encourage faculty and students to engage in research activities to enhance the teaching and learning environment at the University and the overall contribution to the society.
To have in place, by 2016-17, an active pool of faculty involved in conducting high standard research, strong avenues of collaboration with the industry, government, regional and international institutions to undertake research initiatives, and engaged students in research initiatives, to foster a culture of learning and research.
Strategic Initiative (1):
Establishment and implementation of a systematic and transparent process for allocation of research funds
Brief Description and Benefit
- Establishment of a fair, transparent system for the allocation of available research funds, and revision of criteria on an annual basis
- Develop and document P&P for allocation of research funds, and revise annually
- Develop and document P&P for allocation of research funds, and revise annually
- Implement an allocation system developed in a semester-wise manner
Strategic Initiative (2):
Systematic identification and tracking of potential Research Areas
Brief Description and Benefit
- Develop a list of research areas that overlap with KU disciplines and are of significance in a national, regionally or global context
- Prioritize research areas with potential for commercialization and track %age of commercial research performed at KU
- Annual review of research areas of significance in a national, regionally or global context
- Develop criteria with which to prioritize potential research areas, and focus on research with the potential to be commercialized
Strategic Initiative (3):
Establish ambitious yet realistic Research Output Targets for KU & motivate faculty to conduct research (Incentive System, Collaborative Research)
Brief Description and Benefit
- Encourage research and publication by KU faculty through setting targets for achievement
- Identify publications of high quality and target minimum ratio of research publications in these journals/publications to faculty at KU
- Incentivize faculty to dedicate time and effort in the pursuit of research
- Enhance publishing / conducting research in collaboration with global institutions
- Establish minimum ratio of research publications to faculty at KU
- Establish minimum ratio of research publications in specified high-quality journals to faculty at KU
- Establish an incentive system for faculty to motivate effort spent in research, and review annually.
- Increase the number of collaboration with global institutions in conducting / publishing of research work
The Research Committee is headed by the Vice President for Academic Affairs and scientific Research and has in its membership representatives from the colleges and the adviser to the President for Research. The Committee meets periodically to discuss the research issues and progress.
Typical issues addressed by the committee are:
- Reviewing and updating of the research priorities
- Setting goals for research outputs, including journal and conference publications.
- Review of the research strategy.
- Revision of the requests for funded research applications and approving of the research grants given by the university.
- An arrangement of annual research gatherings.
Chairperson of Research Committee
Prof. Nader Al-Bastaki
Vice President for Academic Affairs and Scientific Research
- PhD in Polymer Engineering, June 1989, UMIST, Manchester, United Kingdom.
- MSc in Chemical Engineering, Dec. 1983, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
- BSc in Chemical Engineering, Dec. 1981, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
- Vice President for Academic Affairs & Scientific Research, 2016 - Present.
- Professor, Chemical Engineering Dept., University of Bahrain, 2005-2016.
- Dean, College of Engineering, University of Bahrain, 2008-2014.
- Director, Assessment and Accreditation Office for Colleges of Engineering and IT, University of Bahrain, 2006-2008.
- Chairman of the Chemical Engineering Department, University of Bahrain, 2002-2006
- Reviewer for International Journals.
- ABET PEV (Program Evaluator) since 2011 (conducted three review visits)
- Managed and supervised the preparations for ABET review visits for the engineering programs until the visit was successfully completed in 2008 and 2014.
- Managed and supervised the preparations for the NAAB accreditation visit for the architecture program until the review report (APR) was submitted and visit date was fixed for April 2015.
- UNDP Review Specialist. Reviewed and Evaluated the Mechanical Engineering program at Mohamed V University, Rabat, Morroco on March, 30- April 3, 2008 as part of a team of five members, including two from British Universities (also QAA evaluators), and a member from a German University.
- Prepared the Self Evaluation Document (SED) report for the chemical engineering program on December 2007 and acted as the Subject Representative during the review team visit on march 14-18 2008 as part of the UNDP project.
- Participated in the preparation of the institutional Self-Assessment Document Quality Review of the University of Bahrain submitted to the Quality Assurance Authority.
- Introduced a new advising scheme that ensures that all students in the College of Engineering meet their advisors and provides the advisors with the necessary information about the advisees online (in collaboration with the Registration Department and IT Center. This scheme was successfully implemented for a period of three years.
- Organized alumni gathering for the graduates of the College of Engineering in 2014, which attracted more than 300 alumni.
- Arranged for an agreement with Virginia Tec for an exchange program that led to seeding two of the architecture student from years 4 and 5 to study for a full year at VirginiaTech and then return to the University of Bahrain.
- Visited the Colleges of Engineering at Johns Hopkins, Duke and Siegen (Germany) Universities and established contacts for future collaborations with the University of Bahrain.
- Was a member of the GCC Universities Committee for the Colleges of Engineering, IT and Architecture.
- Organized regular short courses and workshops for training participants from industrial and governmental sectors in the areas of waste water treatment, air and water pollution, process safety, laboratory safety, renewable energy.
Research & Publications
Industrial Projects and Research Grants
- Research, consultation and training to improve the existing Dual Media Filtration at Tubli Water Treatment Pollution Control Center, Project No. 46500, Ministry of Works, Sewerage and Drainage Directorate, Kingdom of Bahrain, Oct. 2002-Oct. 2003.
- Contractual project with GPIC on the Study of sewage treatment water usage for irrigation purposes”, June, 2000.
- Demulsification of Crude Oil/Water Emulsions, Bapco, Feb, 2000
- Research project no. 3/2003 financed by the Scientific Research Council, University of Bahrain on: Removal of color from colored waste water.
- Research project no. 1/1999 financed by the Scientific Research Council, University of Bahrain on: Enhancing the performance of reverse osmosis water desalination.
- Research project no. 1/1998 financed by the Scientific Research Council, University of Bahrain on: Industrial Wastewater treatment using TiO2 /UV technology.
Current h-index on Scopus is 12 and on Google Scholar is 14.
- B. Al-Hamad and N. Al-Bastaki, Degradation of Reactive Blue 19 using advanced oxidation methods: gliding-arc plasma discharge, Desalination and Water Treatment, 57 (2016) 24352-24358
- M.B. Shams, F. Mumtaz, A. Murali, W. Akbar, N. Al‐Bastaki, Application of Statistical Design to an Industrial‐Scale Dead‐End Ultrafiltration Process, Chemical Engineering & Technology 38 (2015) 1315-1326
- Benstaali B., Al-Bastaki N., Brisset J.L., Addou A., “Plasma-Chemical and Photo-Catalytic Degradation of Methyl Orange”, Int. J. Environment and Waste Management, 11(2013) 158-177.
- Shakir Haji, Baghdad Benstaali and Nader Al-Bastaki, “Degradation of Methyl Orange by UV/H2O2 Advanced Oxidation Process”, Chemical Engineering Journal 168 (2011) 134–139
- Qais Bu-Ali, Mohamed Al-Aseeri and Nader Al-Bastaki, ”An experimental study of performance parameters and ion concentration along a reverse osmosis membrane”, Chemical Engineering and Processing 46 (2007) 323-328.
- Hassan Al-Hammadi and Nader Al-Bastaki, “Experimental study of the dead-end ultrafiltration process using silicone dioxide suspensions” Desalination, 206 (2007) 513-523
- Mohamed Al-Aseeri, Qais Bu-Ali, Shaker Haji and Nader Al-Bastaki, ”Removal of Acid Red and sodium chloride mixtures from aqueous solutions using nanofiltration”, Desalination 206 (2007) 407-413
- Abbas Abderrahim and Al-Bastaki Nader, "Modeling of an RO water desalination unit using neural networks", Chemical Engineering Journal, 114 (2005) 139-143.
- Al-Bastaki N.M.,"Removal of Methyl Orange Dye and Na2SO4 from synthetic Waste Water Using Reverse Osmosis", Chemical Engineering and Processing, 43 (2004) 1561-1567.
- Al-Bastaki N., "Performance of advanced methods for treatment of waste water: UV/TiO2, RO and UF", Chemical Engineering and Processing, Chemical Engineering and Processing, 43 (2004) 935-940.
- Al-Bastaki N.,"Treatment of synthetic industrial wastewater with UV/TiO2 and RO using benzene as a model hydrocarbon", Desalination 156 (2003) 193-197.
- N. Al-Bastaki and A. Abbas,"Permeate recycle to improve the performance of a spiral-wound RO plant", Desaliantion, 158 (2003) 119-126
- Banat F. and Al-Bastaki N.," Treating dyeing waste water by an integrated process of adsorption by activated carbon and ultrafiltration" Desaliantion, 170 (2004) 69-75.
- Al-Bastaki N. and Abbas A., "Long-term performance of an industrial water desalination plant", Chemical Engineering and Processing, 43 (2004) 555-558
- Abbas A. and Al-Bastaki N., "On the use of software tools for chemical engineering education: students evaluations", Chemical Engineering Education, 36 (2002) 236-241.
- Al-Bastaki Nader and Abderrahim Abbas,"Use of Fluid Instabilities to enhance Membrane Performance: a Review", Desalination, 136 (2001) 255-262
- Al-Bastaki N. and Banat F.," Combining ultrafiltration and adsorption on bentonite in a one step process for the treatment of colored waters", Resources Conservation and Recycling J., 41 (2004) 103-113.
- Abderrahim Abbas and Al-Bastaki Nader,"Performance Decline in Brackish Water Film-Tech Spiral Wound RO Membranes", Desalination, 136 (2001) 281-286
- Al-Bastaki Nader and Abbas Abderrahim,"Predicting the Performance of RO Membranes", Desalination, 132 (2000) pp. 181-187
- Abbas Abderrahim and Al-Bastaki Nader, "Flux Enhancement of RO Desalination processes", Desalination, Vol. 132, pp. 21-27, 2000
- Al-Bastaki N. M. and Abbas A.,"Modeling an Industrial Reverse Osmosis Unit", Desalination, Vol. 126, Issue 1-3, No. 8, pp. 33-39, 1999.
- Al-Bastaki N. M. and Abbas A.,"Improving the Permeation Flux by Unsteady Operation of a RO Desalination Unit", Desalination, Vol. 123, Issue 2-3, pp. 173-176, 1999.
- Al-Kawari M. and Al-Bastaki N.M.,"Copper dust formation in large scale MSF desalination plant", Desalination, 166 (2004) 153-156.
- Al-Bastaki N. M. and Abbas A.,"Periodic Operation of a Reverse Osmosis Water Desalination Unit", Separation Science and Technology, Vol.33, No.16, 1998,pp.2531-2540
- Al-Bastaki N. M., "Design of Fibre Reinforced Composite Structures Subjected to High Strain Rates using Finite Element Analysis", Applied Composite Materials, Vol. 5, 1998, pp. 223-236.
- Al-Salehi F. A. R., Al-Hassani S. T. S., Al-Bastaki N.M. and Hinton M. J.,"Derived Dynamic Ply Properties from Test Data on Angle Ply Laminates", Applied Composite Materials, Vol. 4, 1997, pp. 157-172
- Al-Bastaki N. M. and Al-Madani H. M. N.,"Effects of Local Atmospheric Conditions in Bahrain on the Mechanical Properties of GRP", Polymer Testing, Vol. 14, No. 3,1995, pp263-272.
- Al-Qahtani H. I. and Al-Bastaki N. M. S.,"Effect of Aging on the Performance of RO Hollow Fiber Membrane", Desalination, Vol. 101, 1994, pp. 177-183.
- Al-Bastaki N. M. S., "Behavior of Stepped GRP Shells Used in the Reverse Osmosis Permeators for the Water Desalination Process", Desalination, Vol. 94, 1994, pp. 307-319.
- Al-Bastaki N. M.,"Effect of High Strain Rate on the Properties of PVC Pipe", Journal of Testing and Evaluation (an ASTM publication), Vol. 22, Nov., 1994, Vol. 22, No. 6, November 1994, pp. 574-576
- Al-Bastaki N. M. and Al-Qahtani H. I.,"Assessment of Thermal Effects on the Reverse Osmosis of Salt/Water Solutions by Using a Spiral Wound Polyamide Membrane", Desalination, Vol. 99, 1994, pp. 159-168.
- Al-Salehi F. A. R., Al-Hassani S. T. S., Al-Bastaki N.M. and Hinton M. J.,"Extracting Dynamic Ply Properties from Test Data on Angle Ply Laminates-1. Theoretical Procedures", Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 26, No. 16, 1992, pp 2454-2477.
33. Al-Bastaki, N.M.S.; Al-Madani, H.M.N., Effect of six months exposure to atmospheric conditions on the mechanical properties of GRP, Modelling, Measurement & Control C, Vol 49, n1-3, 1995, AMSE Press, pp 22-28.
34. Al-Salehi FAR, Al-Hassani STS, Al-Bastaki NM, Hinton MJ.,"Rate effects on aramid fibre/epoxy (KPR) tubes under hoop loading" J. Comp. Mater., 1990, Vol. 24, pp. 894-917.
Annual Research Gathering
Annual Research Gathering 2016-2017
The annual research gathering for the academic year 2016 -2017 was held on two different days May 2nd 2017 and June 6th 2017. The theme of the gathering was “Best Practices in Research”.
- The first meeting held on May 2nd 2017, was in the form of a workshop during which the faculty members from each of the colleges formed a group and each group was requested to come up with a list of research topics to of priority to the college which could be undertaken by individual faculty members, groups within the college or jointly with other colleges (multidisciplinary). The meeting was coordinated by the Vice president for academic affairs and scientific research. A list of research topic ideas were arrived at and a deadline of one academic year was suggested for achieving these research works fully or partially and the deans of colleges were requested to follow up.
- The second meeting was held on June 6th 2017 and the was in the form of two presentations followed by discussions. The first presentation was about the necessity to publish in reputable journals and conferences, particularly those indexed by Scopus, ISI Web of Knowledge (Thomson-Reuters) and published in well known international publishing houses such as Elsevier, Springer, Inderscience, Wiley, etc. Also, the limitations of open access journals were discussed. The second presentation discuss the statistics of the publications by faculty members in different colleges and ration of publications per faculty member for each college were shown for the current and past academic years.
Approval mechanism for financial support for Research Papers and Projects:
- A faculty member shall apply for financial support by filling out the form and submitting it online from 1st to 15th
- Applications for financial support are discussed in the College Council.
- The College Council shall submit the approved Applications for obtaining financial support to the Scientific Research Council no later 30th
- The Scientific Research Council holds its periodic meeting to evaluate Research Papers and Projects for financial support.
- Priority should be given Research Papers and Projects that are in line with the priorities of the University, which are also compatible with the National Priorities for Scientific Research.
- The recommendations of the Scientific Research Council for Scientific research Applications for financial support shall be discussed in the University Council for approval.
- The researchers shall be notified of the approval in a period not exceeding 45 days from the date of submission of the application.
Research Workshops & Seminars
Annual Research Gathering Best Practices in Research Workshop
Kingdom University conducted Annual Research Gathering Best Practices in Research Workshop on May 2nd, 2017.
Sustainable Buildings and Renewables International Seminar
Kingdom University conducted Sustainable Buildings and Renewables Workshop on April 15-16, 2017, Crowne Plaza Hotel, under the patronage of Dr. Abdul-Hussain Bin Ali Mirza, Minister of Electricity and Water Affairs, organized by Kingdom University.
The National Initiative for Agricultural Development Workshop
The project “Bahrain Goes Back Green”, has drawn a lot of attention nationally and regionally, leading to several strategic partnership projects. The first cooperation was culminated in the signing of an MOU between the Kingdom University and the Bahrain National Initiative for Agriculture Development, on Wednesday 26th February 2014. It is hoped that this MOU will pave the way towards supporting research at the Kingdom University, on issues related to the “Bahrain Goes Back to Green” project.
Public Transportation in Bahrain Workshop
The second international workshop was held on 9-12 February, 2014 at Kingdom University, under the title: “Public Transportation in Bahrain: Social challenges, Infrastructure, limitations and Innovative motions”. Professors Wolfgang Jonas from “Braunschweig University”, Germany and Dr. Thomas Sauter-Servaes from “Zurich University of Applied Sciences”, Switzerland, were invited to address the workshop as key note speakers, and share with the audience their vast experience in this field.
Bahrain Goes Back Green Workshop
Kingdom University conducted two very successful international workshops. The first was held from 4-6 January 2014, at Kingdom University, under the title: “Bahrain Goes Back Green: Green Roofs in Private and Public Buildings”. Professor Kai Tobais a world renowned scholar on the subject, from the University of “Kaiserslautern”, Germany, was invited as a key note speaker, in order to share Germany’s and Europe’s experience in the field of Green Roofs. It must be mentioned that the first outcome of this workshop culminated in the signing of an MOU, between the Kingdom University and the National Initiative on Agricultural Development.
Research Policy & Procedures
Scientific research is one of the fundamental tasks which all universities should be keen to be distinguished in, it is a basic element in the human beings’ and societies’ evolution. Therefore, the Kingdom University is willing to make scientific research one of the most important tasks to be mean to complete its role in development and progress as a higher education institution. Kingdom University is keenly promoting this role in its strategies; accordingly, it developed this policy to emphasize scientific research and to organize and encourage the process.
The university encourages conducting different types of scientific research. However, the most important types that conform to university’s strategies are the following:
- Fundamental research: it shall refer to the scientific and theoretical research that aims to develop or elicit knowledge and explanations in various specializations.
- Applied research: it shall refer to the research which results in applicable outcomes to the given specialization.
- Researches targeting industry and community service: it shall refer to the research which is directly relevant to the partners from the industry and society aiming to create specific ideas for a particular product or a particular service to the market or society.
- Specialized educational research: it shall refer to the research related to the learning and teaching methodologies of the university’s programs which aim to develop the learning process in various specializations.
- Creative Works: it shall refer to the works related to the artistic specializations.
The aforementioned types are examples and the faculty member may conduct any other types of research.
Planning and Managing the Research Process:
- Each academic year, in May, the office of the vice president for scientific research organizes a workshop in which all the academic staff participates. All research topics, specifically those related to the industry and society, are discussed. The workshop ends with placing proposals for the joined research to be included in the research plan.
- The office, in cooperation with the faculties, shall hold meetings with the advisory councils to exchange opinions and discuss the proposals placed in the workshop and its relevance to the society’s needs.
- The instructors shall be informed of the outcomes of the discussions with the advisory council and the recommendations made in order to be taken into consideration when preparing the research plan of each faculty.
- Instructors’ proposals shall be submitted to the department council which discusses them and accordingly drafts research plans including the needed budget to execute it. The department council then forwards the plan to the faculty council which shall then forward it to the university vice president for scientific research who prepares the University annual research plan based on the faculties’ research plans. Afterward, the annual research plan is forwarded to the deans’ council to be endorsed before the end of the academic year in order to be applied at the beginning of the next academic year.
Scientific Research Ethics:
The researcher shall not commit the following:
- To fabricate unreal data and results.
- To forge data and change facts.
- To plagiarize, transfer and copy texts directly, and to use others’ ideas without documentation (abide by copyright laws).
- Dishonesty, deception and the reference to people who did not contribute to the research or excluding the reference to those who took part in the research.
- The researcher execution of any of the aforementioned deeds shall subject him to questioning based on the penalties policy and procedures.
The researcher shall abide by the following:
- The university policies and procedures for scientific research.
- Scientific research ethics and the laws regulating intellectual property.
- The researcher shall refer to the university in his research and mention the services and facilities provided by the University in this regard.
- The research plan of the faculty and university.
- In the case of the student, he shall abide by the supervisor’s directions, however, the research is the researcher’s private responsibility (For postgraduate students’ research, refer to the policy of masters studies)
The dean shall abide by applying this policy and its regulation on the research accomplished inside the faculty, and he specifically shall abide by the following:
- Raise awareness of all faculty members about the scientific research policy and its procedures and their responsibilities towards its implementation.
- Emphasize and follow up the faculty’s implementation and development of research plan which shall lead to the general development and link that plan with other faculties’ plans.
- Confirm that all researchers have equal opportunities to get training and attend workshops that allow them to be aware of any updates in their majors and to be aware of scientific research standards.
- Write a report about the scientific research in the faculty and raise it to university vice president for scientific research to discuss and endorse it.
- The dean is authorized to form a specialized committee to manage the scientific research process in the faculty.
1.The University shall abide by placing an item in its budget for the scientific research which is not less than 3% of its revenues according to the rules made the higher education. It shall also set the rules to get the benefits from this financial allocation according to the following standards:
- The University shall abide by providing the financial support to each research plan that is endorsed by the faculty and deans council.
- The financial allocation of the research plan shall cover all expenses that has been spent in collecting the scientific data, conducting experiments and studies, translation, review, fees of participation in the scientific conferences, transportation ,travel and the living costs of full time academic members based on the endorsed research plan as well as the publication fees in renowned periodicals.
- The university shall allocate a financial remuneration to encourage researchers to conduct research and to publish as follows:
- 400 Dinars for the research published in a refereed international journal.
- 300 Dinars for the research published in a refereed regional journal.
- 200 Dinars for the research published in a refereed journal inside Bahrain.
2. The University shall provide scholarships to conduct research either by giving the researcher a fully paid leave for a specific period to accomplish a scientific research or by reducing the teaching load for a specific period of time.
3. In case the researcher gains an external scholarship, the university shall grant him a sabbatical leave.
4. Post-graduate studies and supervision: refer to masters policy.
5. The university forms a committee on the university level directed by the university vice president for the scientific research and includes in its membership a representative for each faculty. The committee shall be specialized in the following:
- Discussing the research plan submitted by faculties and the recommendation for endorsing it.
- Giving advice and direction to the faculty staff members after reviewing their reports and helping them.
- Coordinating between the faculties’ research plans, arranging the priorities and raising awareness about the importance of the research that includes many specializations, the applied research and the industry and market research and encouraging researchers to conduct them.
- The committee shall assess the proposals of perspective organized conferences and research projects submitted by faculties, and select from them, then it shall manage the conferences and supervise joined researches projects.
University Vice President for Scientific Research
He generally shall be dedicated to managing and following up the scientific research process, and he shall also carry out the following:
- Apply the university’s policies that are related to scientific research.
- Make sure that the faculties’ research plans are in accordance with the university’s strategy.
- Organize and facilitate getting scholarships to support researchers in fulfilling their research either from inside or outside the university.
- Establish and develop databases relevant to the scientific research.
- Work on establishing relations between the center and research centers outside the university as well as work on getting external fund for the research projects and activities.
- Supervise the page of the scientific research on the university website.
- Manage and follow up the implementation of the scientific research budget and prepare a report in this regard.
- Manage workshops for scientific research and encourage researchers to collaborate in conducting research either between the various specializations inside the faculty or between the various specializations of the university.
- Build bridges of research collaboration between faculties and its various specializations from one side and labor market including the commercial and industrial centers from the other side.
- Encourage researchers either students or instructors to gain patent by advertising about patent donors and encourage the participation in conferences and seminars.
- Circulate the culture of scientific research excellence and the ongoing seek to invite distinguished researchers to show their research and works in the university seminars.
- Display and promote the research carried out by the university researchers on the local, regional and international level.
- Connect the research with social problems.
- Administrate the research section in the official magazine of the university.
- Write an annual report about the research activity in the university.
Intellectual Property of Research
- The university shall exert much effort to preserve rights of intellectual property and not offend others’ rights either by it or by its associated members in conformity with the provisions stipulated in copyright protection law and adjacent rights no.22 in 2006.
- The university shall raise the awareness of its members about intellectual property laws internally and externally.
- The researcher shall apply intellectual property rights on his work outcome, and should the university support him, the researcher has to refer to the means of support that the university provided him with.
Every faculty shall develop a policy and procedural regulation for research based on this policy and according to the nature of research related to its majors.